عنوان مقاله [English]
The Impact of the Syrian Crisis on the Regional Security Complex in Middle East
Dr. Hamzeh Safavi
The West Asia (Middle East) is very important geopolitical and geostrategic region, which has always been a place of conflict. According to security interdependence of its members, a change in some part of it would influence on the security of other members. So, the study of security transformation of the region and its consequences has particular importance.Since 2010, the region has undergone the changes, Syrian crisis is the most important of these changes, and they affected relations between main regional actors, based on their interests. By using the regional security complex theory, the research has tried to answer the question: what is the impact of the Syrian crisis on regional security complex in the Middle East? The hypothesis of the research is: the Syrian crisis has led to the creation of a new sub complex in the regional security complex of West Asia. The findings of the research, which is conducted by descriptive- analytical method, suggest three existing sub complexes could not explain the conflict and the presence of a variety of regional actors and, proponents and opponents of Syrian government would lead to the establishment of a new sub complex. The likely consequences of sub complex are proxy wars, intensifying religious war, sectarian wars and ultra-regional skirmishes.
Key Words: Regional Security complex, The West Asia, Syrian Crisis, Resis-tance axis