عنوان مقاله [English]
Presidential Election and Elites
Dr.Hasan Shamsini Ghiasvand
In globalization and information era the definition and function of political elites have been changed. Symbolic and academic elites have more power, however, the influence of academic elites has suffered a decline. The increase or decrease of elites’ political and social fun-
ctions in an election is dependent on the kind of elite relations with society, economic conditions, and social gaps, access of elites to mass media and political background of elites. Social transformation has changed elite formation, however, it has not changed election function. The function of elites in the election include: Informing, supporting elections, supporting political rights, establishing criteria forcand-
idates and criticizing the plans of candidates and political forces. In comparison with the past, scientific elites play a minor role in voter participation, public opinion and rational decision making. Recently, populism has played a key role in the election.
Key Words :Elites, Political elites, Presidential Election