عنوان مقاله [English]
Political process in western democracies
Dr.Hassan Shamsini Ghiasvand
Abolfazl Soliman Fallah
The main concern of the last few decades of the Current democ-
racies, especially the Western democracies is the increase of votes in the elections, including the presidential and parliamentary elections, because the elections which are held by the participation of the wider public of the political system will have of the legitimacy and a strong social base and the votes backing the ruling government will be to implement policies and programs. One of the major crises of the West in recent decades, is reducing people's participation in elections.
The issue causing of concern for governments, intellectuals and elites, parties and political groups had been. Causes a decrease in the participation of people in the West can be found in the failure of separation of powers, increasing the power of the executive, separation between voters and those elected and inefficiency of democracy in the resolution of the problems and challenges of today's world. As well as the electoral mechanisms such as the type of propaganda, direct the public opinion, increasing fraud, the role of the economy in the elections and power in the service economy Have major impact on reducing participation. The impact of globalization (globalization) as well as increasing global interactions and effects of culture on each other and the worldview of the people and the people's attention to global issues, reducing power and sovereignty of the states and increasing the powers of the non - governmental bodies and organizations and the states attention to international issues Instead of domes-stic issues to reduce political participation had been affected
Key words: political participation, economic, democracy, elections, globalization