عنوان مقاله [English]
The role of science diplomacy in the pursuit of states' national interests (With emphasis on knowledge based companies)
Dr, Mohammad reza dehshiri
Taiba mohammadi pour
Science diplomacy refers to the scientific capabilities as the means of states to interact with other countries and nations in diplomatic relations. The science diplomacy is used to serve the states' national interests on the basis of various approaches such as economic approaches, marketing, providing an income, increasing the influence, gaining international prestige, and increasing the security, production of knowledge and mobilization of sources. The states use knowledge based companies as one of the most important means of science diplomacy for interaction between states and the pursuit of national interest because they use technology to produce commodities and to provide services. So the question of research is: how could science diplomacy pursue the national interests of states by using the capabilities of knowledge based companies? The hypothesis would suggest that science diplomacy provides opportunities for the interaction and gaining prestige for creation of wealth by using capacity of knowledge based companies in technology transfer and by creating foreign markets for the knowledge based commodities.
Key words: Science diplomacy, National interest, Knowledge based companies.