عنوان مقاله [English]
Iran's foreign policy towards Syria crisis (2010-2016)
Dr. Vladimir Yvrtayf
The formation of Syria crisis in the last month of 2010 was simultaneous with Arab spring and Islamic awakening.Some foreign policy analysts believe that Syria crisis is similar to the revolutionary movements in the region's countries, some others think that the crisis resulted from external sources.The formation of terrorist groups and fundamentalists,who have launch an onslaught against Syria, given the two countries converged in the Middle East since Islamic revolution, and Syria's support for Iran in Iraq-Iran war, and the support for the resistance in Lebanon, and defensive agreement between Iran and Syria, would put Islamic Republic of Iran in a position to monitor the developments in the country and the region and to defend the interests of Syrian government and people in the geopolitical struggle. Due to heavy fighting in Syria and advances of groups such as Al-Nusrah in Syrian soil and imminent danger of attack on Syrian government held regions, including Lattakia province, Bashar Assad, president of Syria, urged Russia to intervene militarily in Syria in order to fight against terrorist groups such as ISIS and Al-Nusrah. Iran and Iraq have supported Russia in intervening militarily in Syria. By doing so, they formed a coalition in Syria that provokes a reaction from regional and international actors who oppose Syrian government including the United States, Turkey and Saudi Arabia. The multiple coalition (Russia, Iran, Iraq and Syria) is against anti-ISIS coalition led by the United States and had grave regional and international consequences.
Key word: Foreign policy, Coalition, Realism, National interest, Middle East