عنوان مقاله [English]
According to neoliberals such as Friedrich von Hayek, it is possible for man to escape from a savage being and to achieve civilization more in the shadow of "morality and tradition" than in reason. In the view of this intellectual-political current, civilization arises in the shadow of the formation of appropriate traditions. Moral values are the main theme of tradition and create the order on which the survival of society depends. The central question and purpose of this article is how the neoliberals, especially Hayek, have influenced political thought? According to him, the extensive existing system of civilized societies is not the product of the conscious design of any thinker, however, it is the result of inadvertent adherence to certain traditional and mainly moral practices and habits. By rethinking the basic principles of liberalism, such as rationalism and scientism, von Hayek draws new indicators of man such as unpredictability, relativism in values, the unknown future, and the minimal and immoral state.
-Faculty member, Payame Noor University, Abhar Center (Zanjan Province), Iran: Corresponding author
 -PhD in Political Science (Political Thought), Faculty of Law and Political Science, Takestan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran, Corresponding Author